History of Kashi
History of Kashi
In the writings of the instrumental period, Kashi is mentioned in ‘Shatpath Brahman’, which has been described by modern scholars as the creation of the period of 1000 BC. It mentions Dhritarashtra, the king of Kashi, by whom Ashwamedha yagna was performed in Kashi. According to the Govindas of Buddhist Deghnikaya, Kashi was settled by King Renu. According to ‘Aitareya Brahmana’ and ‘Sankhayana Srauta Sutra’, King Renu was the son of Vishwamitra. Vishwamitra mentions the defeat in the battle with Parushni in the Rigwaya, dating back to 1000 CE. The great King of Kashi, Divodas, who is mentioned in Kashikhand, is also from the Mahabharata period. The Mahabharata period, which also mentions the episode of Bhishma and Amba and fighting by Kashiraj, is estimated to be 1000 – 1200 AD. If Mahabharata period is also taken, the deity in Kashi is 1500 BC or even earlier, due to which it is in the oldest living cities of the world, which has a proven history of 3000 – 3500 BC. The 23rd Jain Tirthankar Parshwanath was born in Varanasi in the 7th – 8th century AD. Probably Hikashi would have developed in India as a center of knowledge from 1000 – 1200 years before Gautama Buddha’s arrival at Sarnath in the 6th century AD and the doctrine of Dharmachakra Enlightenment and Ashtang Marg. Evidence of compositions is found in Vashi Vyasa by Kashi, but Vyasa Muni established his ‘Vyasa Kashi’ on the other side of the Ganges. Detailed references to Kashi are found in Agni Purana, Matsya Purana, Skanda Purana. Adi Shankaracharya’s Advaita philosophy was promulgated in the 8th century and scholarly with Madan Mishra in this Kashi. In 1299 AD The unique Advaita philosophy by Ramanandji of Ramanuja sect originated at Panchganga Ghat from here. The Kabir path was propagated by his disciple Sant Kabir. Goswami Tulsidas’s Ramcharitmanas Guru Nanak.
The arrival of Saint Ravidas was also born in this Kashi. Kashi played an important role in the emergence of Bhakti cult in India. In 1497 Vallabhacharya was born near Hanuman Ghat, who later transmitted pure Advaita darshan latha Krishna devotion to the Braj region. The Gaudiya Vaishnavism of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu (0486 – 1534) also spread in Kashi. Even today many of his Gadiya Panchganga chaat rahit are present in other places. Sun ‘563 AD I have a pucca mahalaka narrated by Ralph Finch, whose form is the same today.
French Tourist Tavernier and Bernier 1660 – 65 AD I came to Kashi and a detailed account of the cultural / religious activities of Kashi of that time has been described by him. In 1764 AD The British arrived in Kashi after the Buxar War in 1780 and the first General Governor Warren Hastings arrived here with his army. In the temples and ghats of the present Kashi, there is a lot of disease of the dead and of Natore, the queen of Bengal. In 1730 AD Built Mir Ghat and Vaghats by Mir Rustom Ali, the Nawab of Benares. In 1735 AD In Baji Rao Peshwa’s visit to Sunny by Mataji Radhabai. During this time, his commander Sadashiv Naik based in Kashi was given permission by Peshwa Bajirao to build the chaats and he started the Yashwamedh Ghat, Panchganga
Build passenger rest rooms at Bhat, Manikarnika Ghat, Bahya Ghat and Maidagin. In 1735, Bharyan Dixit Patankar and his son Balakrishna Dixit built Durgaghat, Trilochan Ghat, near Nana Phadnavis. Sanglikar built his buildings by Ramdurgkar, in which the Annakshetras were established. In 1735 AD The temple of Kashipuraradhishwari Ma Annapurna Bhavani was built by Balaji Bajirao Peshwa in which the present Deity is established by Abhinav Tirtha, the lord of Bhageri. In 1742, Bajirao Peshwa accompanied his army in Chunar. After this, Scindia Ghat, Bhosale Ghat were built by their chieftains. Tulsighat was built by the name Peshwa Amrit Rao in 1817 AD. The present Labhairav temple was built by Sardar Vinchurkar on the orders of Bajirao Peshwa-II. In 1843 AD In Ahilyabai Holkar, the construction of the stairs of the Lolark Kund in northern India after the emergence of Maratha society in Kashi, between 1730 – 1832 almost all the present ghats and major temples were built. Ghats were also constructed during this period by various states of India and by the juna, nirvani, nirjani, etc.